HiSET Writing Practice Test

Our free HiSET Writing practice test is great for test prep. The HiSET writing test includes 50 multiple-choice questions and 1 essay question. You will be given 120 minutes to answer these questions. The multiple-choice section tests your ability to edit and revise written passages of text. Portion of the text are underlined to show where revisions may be needed, and you must select the best alternative. Try our free practice questions to see if you are ready for your HiSET Test.

Congratulations - you have completed .

You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%.

Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%


Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
Questions 1–8 are based on the following letter.

Dan Karlsberg
1223 Teatree Lane
Cincinnati, OH 45243

Dear  1  Mr. Karlsberg

My name is Taylor Dalton and I am writing to you on behalf of Silver Hill High School’s Jazz Ensemble. Our band director, Mr. Langford, showed us some of your jazz piano  2  recordings, and we were all very impressed. Several students in the Jazz Ensemble got together and decided to ask if you would be willing to perform and give a workshop for our school’s annual Spring Concert.  3

This is the first year our school has had a Jazz Ensemble. All the players in the Ensemble come from our school’s Marching Band and Concert Band. We are very interested in learning more about jazz music, and about how to be better improvisers.  4  It’s so cool and pretty weird to learn how improvising is more than “just making up music” — it takes a lot of practice and skill.

When this group first began, few of us had listened to very much jazz. Since the  5  begining of the year, Mr. Langford has  5  introduced us to  5  famous jazz musicians like Duke Ellington, Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald, and Billie Holliday. We think jazz music is fun, interesting, and inspiring, and we were excited to learn that there are even some great jazz musicians living in this city today.  6  As a jazz musician, we would be honored to learn from you about your thoughts and experiences.

With this letter, we have also included a copy of the sheet music for a piece we’ll be playing at the  7  Spring Concert: a band arrangement of Duke Ellington’s “Fleurette Africaine.” There is a very interesting piano part for the song, and we were hoping you’d be willing to play it with us.

Lastly,  8  we have all been working diligently to compile a list of questions and inquiries about how to get better at improvising when we play jazz. Perhaps you would be willing to give a short talk about how you learned to improvise music, or to give us some tips for how to practice improvising.

Thank you very much for your time. We hope to hear from you soon.

Sincerely,
Taylor Dalton and the Silver Hill High School Jazz Ensemble
 
 1  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
Mr Karlsberg,
C
Mr. Karlsberg,
D
Mr. Karlsberg;
Question 1 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). The salutation of a personal letter should end with a comma, and a period after “Mr” is required to mark the abbreviated form of the the full title, “Mister.”
Question 2
Questions 1–8 are based on the following letter.

Dan Karlsberg
1223 Teatree Lane
Cincinnati, OH 45243

Dear  1  Mr. Karlsberg

My name is Taylor Dalton and I am writing to you on behalf of Silver Hill High School’s Jazz Ensemble. Our band director, Mr. Langford, showed us some of your jazz piano  2  recordings, and we were all very impressed. Several students in the Jazz Ensemble got together and decided to ask if you would be willing to perform and give a workshop for our school’s annual Spring Concert.  3

This is the first year our school has had a Jazz Ensemble. All the players in the Ensemble come from our school’s Marching Band and Concert Band. We are very interested in learning more about jazz music, and about how to be better improvisers.  4  It’s so cool and pretty weird to learn how improvising is more than “just making up music” — it takes a lot of practice and skill.

When this group first began, few of us had listened to very much jazz. Since the  5  begining of the year, Mr. Langford has  5  introduced us to  5  famous jazz musicians like Duke Ellington, Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald, and Billie Holliday. We think jazz music is fun, interesting, and inspiring, and we were excited to learn that there are even some great jazz musicians living in this city today.  6  As a jazz musician, we would be honored to learn from you about your thoughts and experiences.

With this letter, we have also included a copy of the sheet music for a piece we’ll be playing at the  7  Spring Concert: a band arrangement of Duke Ellington’s “Fleurette Africaine.” There is a very interesting piano part for the song, and we were hoping you’d be willing to play it with us.

Lastly,  8  we have all been working diligently to compile a list of questions and inquiries about how to get better at improvising when we play jazz. Perhaps you would be willing to give a short talk about how you learned to improvise music, or to give us some tips for how to practice improvising.

Thank you very much for your time. We hope to hear from you soon.

Sincerely,
Taylor Dalton and the Silver Hill High School Jazz Ensemble
 
 2  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
recordings: and we
C
recordings, so we
D
recordings, but we
Question 2 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). A comma and a coordinating conjunction (in this case, “and”) can be used to connect two independent clauses. Independent clauses are parts of a sentence that include a subject and a verb, which in this case are “director showed” and “we were impressed.”

Choice (B) incorrectly uses a colon, which should introduce a quotation, list, or explanation. Choices (C) and (D) are punctuated correctly, but the conjunctions “so” and “but” do not make sense in this sentence.
Question 3
Questions 1–8 are based on the following letter.

Dan Karlsberg
1223 Teatree Lane
Cincinnati, OH 45243

Dear  1  Mr. Karlsberg

My name is Taylor Dalton and I am writing to you on behalf of Silver Hill High School’s Jazz Ensemble. Our band director, Mr. Langford, showed us some of your jazz piano  2  recordings, and we were all very impressed. Several students in the Jazz Ensemble got together and decided to ask if you would be willing to perform and give a workshop for our school’s annual Spring Concert.  3

This is the first year our school has had a Jazz Ensemble. All the players in the Ensemble come from our school’s Marching Band and Concert Band. We are very interested in learning more about jazz music, and about how to be better improvisers.  4  It’s so cool and pretty weird to learn how improvising is more than “just making up music” — it takes a lot of practice and skill.

When this group first began, few of us had listened to very much jazz. Since the  5  begining of the year, Mr. Langford has  5  introduced us to  5  famous jazz musicians like Duke Ellington, Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald, and Billie Holliday. We think jazz music is fun, interesting, and inspiring, and we were excited to learn that there are even some great jazz musicians living in this city today.  6  As a jazz musician, we would be honored to learn from you about your thoughts and experiences.

With this letter, we have also included a copy of the sheet music for a piece we’ll be playing at the  7  Spring Concert: a band arrangement of Duke Ellington’s “Fleurette Africaine.” There is a very interesting piano part for the song, and we were hoping you’d be willing to play it with us.

Lastly,  8  we have all been working diligently to compile a list of questions and inquiries about how to get better at improvising when we play jazz. Perhaps you would be willing to give a short talk about how you learned to improvise music, or to give us some tips for how to practice improvising.

Thank you very much for your time. We hope to hear from you soon.

Sincerely,
Taylor Dalton and the Silver Hill High School Jazz Ensemble
 
 3  The author of this letter is considering adding the following sentences at the end of paragraph 1:

We debated the issue for a long time. Several students were very nervous about reaching out to you.
 
Should the author add this at this point in the letter?

A
Yes, because it is important for the letter’s recipient to understand the process behind the letter.
B
Yes, because it implies that Mr. Karlsberg is a very skilled musician.
C
No, because Mr. Karlsberg is less likely to come to the school if he knows students are nervous.
D
No, because it does not contribute to the letter’s overall message or purpose.
Question 3 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). Choice (A) can be ruled out because the information in these sentences is simply unnecessary; the goal of the letter is to ask Mr. Karlsberg to come perform at the concert, not to detail the process behind how the letter was written. Choice (B) is simply untrue; there is nothing flattering or helpful about the underlined selection. Choice (C) is an unprovable assumption and does not contribute to the letter.
Question 4
Questions 1–8 are based on the following letter.

Dan Karlsberg
1223 Teatree Lane
Cincinnati, OH 45243

Dear  1  Mr. Karlsberg

My name is Taylor Dalton and I am writing to you on behalf of Silver Hill High School’s Jazz Ensemble. Our band director, Mr. Langford, showed us some of your jazz piano  2  recordings, and we were all very impressed. Several students in the Jazz Ensemble got together and decided to ask if you would be willing to perform and give a workshop for our school’s annual Spring Concert.  3

This is the first year our school has had a Jazz Ensemble. All the players in the Ensemble come from our school’s Marching Band and Concert Band. We are very interested in learning more about jazz music, and about how to be better improvisers.  4  It’s so cool and pretty weird to learn how improvising is more than “just making up music” — it takes a lot of practice and skill.

When this group first began, few of us had listened to very much jazz. Since the  5  begining of the year, Mr. Langford has  5  introduced us to  5  famous jazz musicians like Duke Ellington, Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald, and Billie Holliday. We think jazz music is fun, interesting, and inspiring, and we were excited to learn that there are even some great jazz musicians living in this city today.  6  As a jazz musician, we would be honored to learn from you about your thoughts and experiences.

With this letter, we have also included a copy of the sheet music for a piece we’ll be playing at the  7  Spring Concert: a band arrangement of Duke Ellington’s “Fleurette Africaine.” There is a very interesting piano part for the song, and we were hoping you’d be willing to play it with us.

Lastly,  8  we have all been working diligently to compile a list of questions and inquiries about how to get better at improvising when we play jazz. Perhaps you would be willing to give a short talk about how you learned to improvise music, or to give us some tips for how to practice improvising.

Thank you very much for your time. We hope to hear from you soon.

Sincerely,
Taylor Dalton and the Silver Hill High School Jazz Ensemble
 
 4   Which of the following options is most appropriate, considering the letter’s tone and audience?

A
(No change)
B
It’s been fascinating to learn
C
It’s totally awesome to know
D
It’s kind of amazing to see
Question 4 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). The letter’s tone is straightforward and friendly; there is no need to use imprecise language like “totally awesome” or “kind of amazing” to convey the simple idea of something being “fascinating.” In other words, it’s best to use language that gets to the point clearly and concisely.
Question 5
Questions 1–8 are based on the following letter.

Dan Karlsberg
1223 Teatree Lane
Cincinnati, OH 45243

Dear  1  Mr. Karlsberg

My name is Taylor Dalton and I am writing to you on behalf of Silver Hill High School’s Jazz Ensemble. Our band director, Mr. Langford, showed us some of your jazz piano  2  recordings, and we were all very impressed. Several students in the Jazz Ensemble got together and decided to ask if you would be willing to perform and give a workshop for our school’s annual Spring Concert.  3

This is the first year our school has had a Jazz Ensemble. All the players in the Ensemble come from our school’s Marching Band and Concert Band. We are very interested in learning more about jazz music, and about how to be better improvisers.  4  It’s so cool and pretty weird to learn how improvising is more than “just making up music” — it takes a lot of practice and skill.

When this group first began, few of us had listened to very much jazz. Since the  5  begining of the year, Mr. Langford has  5  introduced us to  5  famous jazz musicians like Duke Ellington, Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald, and Billie Holliday. We think jazz music is fun, interesting, and inspiring, and we were excited to learn that there are even some great jazz musicians living in this city today.  6  As a jazz musician, we would be honored to learn from you about your thoughts and experiences.

With this letter, we have also included a copy of the sheet music for a piece we’ll be playing at the  7  Spring Concert: a band arrangement of Duke Ellington’s “Fleurette Africaine.” There is a very interesting piano part for the song, and we were hoping you’d be willing to play it with us.

Lastly,  8  we have all been working diligently to compile a list of questions and inquiries about how to get better at improvising when we play jazz. Perhaps you would be willing to give a short talk about how you learned to improvise music, or to give us some tips for how to practice improvising.

Thank you very much for your time. We hope to hear from you soon.

Sincerely,
Taylor Dalton and the Silver Hill High School Jazz Ensemble
 
 5   Which of the following words is misspelled, if any?

A
(None)
B
begining
C
introduced
D
famous
Question 5 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). The correct spelling is “beginning.”
Question 6
Questions 1–8 are based on the following letter.

Dan Karlsberg
1223 Teatree Lane
Cincinnati, OH 45243

Dear  1  Mr. Karlsberg

My name is Taylor Dalton and I am writing to you on behalf of Silver Hill High School’s Jazz Ensemble. Our band director, Mr. Langford, showed us some of your jazz piano  2  recordings, and we were all very impressed. Several students in the Jazz Ensemble got together and decided to ask if you would be willing to perform and give a workshop for our school’s annual Spring Concert.  3

This is the first year our school has had a Jazz Ensemble. All the players in the Ensemble come from our school’s Marching Band and Concert Band. We are very interested in learning more about jazz music, and about how to be better improvisers.  4  It’s so cool and pretty weird to learn how improvising is more than “just making up music” — it takes a lot of practice and skill.

When this group first began, few of us had listened to very much jazz. Since the  5  begining of the year, Mr. Langford has  5  introduced us to  5  famous jazz musicians like Duke Ellington, Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald, and Billie Holliday. We think jazz music is fun, interesting, and inspiring, and we were excited to learn that there are even some great jazz musicians living in this city today.  6  As a jazz musician, we would be honored to learn from you about your thoughts and experiences.

With this letter, we have also included a copy of the sheet music for a piece we’ll be playing at the  7  Spring Concert: a band arrangement of Duke Ellington’s “Fleurette Africaine.” There is a very interesting piano part for the song, and we were hoping you’d be willing to play it with us.

Lastly,  8  we have all been working diligently to compile a list of questions and inquiries about how to get better at improvising when we play jazz. Perhaps you would be willing to give a short talk about how you learned to improvise music, or to give us some tips for how to practice improvising.

Thank you very much for your time. We hope to hear from you soon.

Sincerely,
Taylor Dalton and the Silver Hill High School Jazz Ensemble
 
 6  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
Being a jazz musician,
C
Owing to the fact that we are jazz musicians,
D
As jazz musicians,
Question 6 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). Because the subject of the sentence is “we,” the opening phrase needs to be plural: “As jazz musicians.” The letter writers are saying that because they are also jazz musicians, they would be honored to learn about Mr. Karlsberg’s experience as a jazz musician. Choices (A) and (B) refer only to one jazz musician, when the subject of the sentence is a group. Choice (C) is unnecessarily wordy.
Question 7
Questions 1–8 are based on the following letter.

Dan Karlsberg
1223 Teatree Lane
Cincinnati, OH 45243

Dear  1  Mr. Karlsberg

My name is Taylor Dalton and I am writing to you on behalf of Silver Hill High School’s Jazz Ensemble. Our band director, Mr. Langford, showed us some of your jazz piano  2  recordings, and we were all very impressed. Several students in the Jazz Ensemble got together and decided to ask if you would be willing to perform and give a workshop for our school’s annual Spring Concert.  3

This is the first year our school has had a Jazz Ensemble. All the players in the Ensemble come from our school’s Marching Band and Concert Band. We are very interested in learning more about jazz music, and about how to be better improvisers.  4  It’s so cool and pretty weird to learn how improvising is more than “just making up music” — it takes a lot of practice and skill.

When this group first began, few of us had listened to very much jazz. Since the  5  begining of the year, Mr. Langford has  5  introduced us to  5  famous jazz musicians like Duke Ellington, Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald, and Billie Holliday. We think jazz music is fun, interesting, and inspiring, and we were excited to learn that there are even some great jazz musicians living in this city today.  6  As a jazz musician, we would be honored to learn from you about your thoughts and experiences.

With this letter, we have also included a copy of the sheet music for a piece we’ll be playing at the  7  Spring Concert: a band arrangement of Duke Ellington’s “Fleurette Africaine.” There is a very interesting piano part for the song, and we were hoping you’d be willing to play it with us.

Lastly,  8  we have all been working diligently to compile a list of questions and inquiries about how to get better at improvising when we play jazz. Perhaps you would be willing to give a short talk about how you learned to improvise music, or to give us some tips for how to practice improvising.

Thank you very much for your time. We hope to hear from you soon.

Sincerely,
Taylor Dalton and the Silver Hill High School Jazz Ensemble
 
 7  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
Spring Concert; a band
C
Spring Concert. A band
D
Spring Concert! A band
Question 7 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). A colon may be used to introduce a quotation, list, or clarifying detail at the end of an independent clause. Here, the clarifying detail is the name of the piece the students will be playing in the spring concert. Choices (B), (C), and (D) all create sentence fragments after the word “Concert.”
Question 8
Questions 1–8 are based on the following letter.

Dan Karlsberg
1223 Teatree Lane
Cincinnati, OH 45243

Dear  1  Mr. Karlsberg

My name is Taylor Dalton and I am writing to you on behalf of Silver Hill High School’s Jazz Ensemble. Our band director, Mr. Langford, showed us some of your jazz piano  2  recordings, and we were all very impressed. Several students in the Jazz Ensemble got together and decided to ask if you would be willing to perform and give a workshop for our school’s annual Spring Concert.  3

This is the first year our school has had a Jazz Ensemble. All the players in the Ensemble come from our school’s Marching Band and Concert Band. We are very interested in learning more about jazz music, and about how to be better improvisers.  4  It’s so cool and pretty weird to learn how improvising is more than “just making up music” — it takes a lot of practice and skill.

When this group first began, few of us had listened to very much jazz. Since the  5  begining of the year, Mr. Langford has  5  introduced us to  5  famous jazz musicians like Duke Ellington, Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald, and Billie Holliday. We think jazz music is fun, interesting, and inspiring, and we were excited to learn that there are even some great jazz musicians living in this city today.  6  As a jazz musician, we would be honored to learn from you about your thoughts and experiences.

With this letter, we have also included a copy of the sheet music for a piece we’ll be playing at the  7  Spring Concert: a band arrangement of Duke Ellington’s “Fleurette Africaine.” There is a very interesting piano part for the song, and we were hoping you’d be willing to play it with us.

Lastly,  8  we have all been working diligently to compile a list of questions and inquiries about how to get better at improvising when we play jazz. Perhaps you would be willing to give a short talk about how you learned to improvise music, or to give us some tips for how to practice improvising.

Thank you very much for your time. We hope to hear from you soon.

Sincerely,
Taylor Dalton and the Silver Hill High School Jazz Ensemble
 
 8  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
we have several questions
C
we have several questions due to our curiosity
D
we have several questions to which we do not know the answer
Question 8 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). All of the other choices are redundant sentences, i.e., they repeat the same idea more than once without adding more information or nuance. The best answer is usually the clearest and the most straightforward.
Question 9
Questions 9–17 are based on the following passage.

The Father of the American Revolution

Despite his tremendous influence on the history of the United States,  9  nobody knows who this person Thomas Paine actually was. Paine was born on  10  February 9 1737, in the town of Thetford England. As a young man, Paine worked as a tailor, sailor,  11  and he also was working as a minister, but he found his true calling when he moved to the British colonies in America.

Paine first gained notoriety as the editor of Pennsylvania Magazine, and he became more prominent as political turmoil engulfed the colonies.  12  Pennsylvania later became the second state to ratify the US constitution, after Delaware. In 1776, Paine anonymously published a book called Common Sense, in which he made a persuasive and impassioned case for American independence from Britain. The book’s popularity spread like  13  wildfire; soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation. Once the American Revolution began, Paine published a series of pamphlets called The Crisis. Paine’s work became a source of morale for troops engaged in the bloody war.

 14  Unfortunatly, Paine’s ideas were not popular with all readers. In 1793, he was imprisoned in France for  14  opposing the  14  execution of Louis XVI, who had been overthrown in the French Revolution. He died nearly penniless in New York City in 1809. Nevertheless, Thomas Paine lives on in the present day through his timeless writing.  15  

Thomas Paine’s visionary ideas were far-reaching in scope. American Founding Fathers Thomas Jefferson and John Adams drew heavily on his  16  work, when drafting the Declaration of Independence.  17  In an essay called Agrarian Justice, Paine envisioned a system of social insurance for both the young and the elderly. His innovative idea would pave the way for what would become modern-day Social Security. Paine is also credited with conceiving the name “The United States of America.”
 
 9  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
Thomas Paine remains an unknown figure to many Americans.
C
he remains an unfamiliar figure to many Americans.
D
Thomas Paine continues to remain an unknown and unfamiliar figure to many Americans.
Question 9 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). The tone in option (A) is too conversational for this passage, and the phrase “actually was” is redundant. Choice (C) doesn't include Thomas Paine's name. Choice (D) uses two redundant phrases: “continues to remain” and “unknown and unfamiliar.” Remember, the best answer is usually the clearest and the most straightforward.
Question 10
Questions 9–17 are based on the following passage.

The Father of the American Revolution

Despite his tremendous influence on the history of the United States,  9  nobody knows who this person Thomas Paine actually was. Paine was born on  10  February 9 1737, in the town of Thetford England. As a young man, Paine worked as a tailor, sailor,  11  and he also was working as a minister, but he found his true calling when he moved to the British colonies in America.

Paine first gained notoriety as the editor of Pennsylvania Magazine, and he became more prominent as political turmoil engulfed the colonies.  12  Pennsylvania later became the second state to ratify the US constitution, after Delaware. In 1776, Paine anonymously published a book called Common Sense, in which he made a persuasive and impassioned case for American independence from Britain. The book’s popularity spread like  13  wildfire; soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation. Once the American Revolution began, Paine published a series of pamphlets called The Crisis. Paine’s work became a source of morale for troops engaged in the bloody war.

 14  Unfortunatly, Paine’s ideas were not popular with all readers. In 1793, he was imprisoned in France for  14  opposing the  14  execution of Louis XVI, who had been overthrown in the French Revolution. He died nearly penniless in New York City in 1809. Nevertheless, Thomas Paine lives on in the present day through his timeless writing.  15  

Thomas Paine’s visionary ideas were far-reaching in scope. American Founding Fathers Thomas Jefferson and John Adams drew heavily on his  16  work, when drafting the Declaration of Independence.  17  In an essay called Agrarian Justice, Paine envisioned a system of social insurance for both the young and the elderly. His innovative idea would pave the way for what would become modern-day Social Security. Paine is also credited with conceiving the name “The United States of America.”
 
 10  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
February 9, 1737, in the small town of Thetford England.
C
February 9 1737, in the small town of Thetford, England.
D
February 9, 1737, in the small town of Thetford, England.
Question 10 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). When writing a date, a comma must be used to separate the day from the year. A comma must also be used to separate a city from its state.
Question 11
Questions 9–17 are based on the following passage.

The Father of the American Revolution

Despite his tremendous influence on the history of the United States,  9  nobody knows who this person Thomas Paine actually was. Paine was born on  10  February 9 1737, in the town of Thetford England. As a young man, Paine worked as a tailor, sailor,  11  and he also was working as a minister, but he found his true calling when he moved to the British colonies in America.

Paine first gained notoriety as the editor of Pennsylvania Magazine, and he became more prominent as political turmoil engulfed the colonies.  12  Pennsylvania later became the second state to ratify the US constitution, after Delaware. In 1776, Paine anonymously published a book called Common Sense, in which he made a persuasive and impassioned case for American independence from Britain. The book’s popularity spread like  13  wildfire; soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation. Once the American Revolution began, Paine published a series of pamphlets called The Crisis. Paine’s work became a source of morale for troops engaged in the bloody war.

 14  Unfortunatly, Paine’s ideas were not popular with all readers. In 1793, he was imprisoned in France for  14  opposing the  14  execution of Louis XVI, who had been overthrown in the French Revolution. He died nearly penniless in New York City in 1809. Nevertheless, Thomas Paine lives on in the present day through his timeless writing.  15  

Thomas Paine’s visionary ideas were far-reaching in scope. American Founding Fathers Thomas Jefferson and John Adams drew heavily on his  16  work, when drafting the Declaration of Independence.  17  In an essay called Agrarian Justice, Paine envisioned a system of social insurance for both the young and the elderly. His innovative idea would pave the way for what would become modern-day Social Security. Paine is also credited with conceiving the name “The United States of America.”
 
 11  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
and minister
C
and minister,
D
and a minister too,
Question 11 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). Commas should be used to separate a list of three or more items. A conjunction (usually ‘and’ or ‘or’) should precede the last item in the list. Choice (A) introduces an unnecessary independent clause. Choice (B) may look correct, but leaving out the comma after “minister” creates a run-on sentence, linking two independent clauses with no punctuation between them. Choice (D) is redundant; the meaning of the word “too” is conveyed by the conjunction “and”.
Question 12
Questions 9–17 are based on the following passage.

The Father of the American Revolution

Despite his tremendous influence on the history of the United States,  9  nobody knows who this person Thomas Paine actually was. Paine was born on  10  February 9 1737, in the town of Thetford England. As a young man, Paine worked as a tailor, sailor,  11  and he also was working as a minister, but he found his true calling when he moved to the British colonies in America.

Paine first gained notoriety as the editor of Pennsylvania Magazine, and he became more prominent as political turmoil engulfed the colonies.  12  Pennsylvania later became the second state to ratify the US constitution, after Delaware. In 1776, Paine anonymously published a book called Common Sense, in which he made a persuasive and impassioned case for American independence from Britain. The book’s popularity spread like  13  wildfire; soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation. Once the American Revolution began, Paine published a series of pamphlets called The Crisis. Paine’s work became a source of morale for troops engaged in the bloody war.

 14  Unfortunatly, Paine’s ideas were not popular with all readers. In 1793, he was imprisoned in France for  14  opposing the  14  execution of Louis XVI, who had been overthrown in the French Revolution. He died nearly penniless in New York City in 1809. Nevertheless, Thomas Paine lives on in the present day through his timeless writing.  15  

Thomas Paine’s visionary ideas were far-reaching in scope. American Founding Fathers Thomas Jefferson and John Adams drew heavily on his  16  work, when drafting the Declaration of Independence.  17  In an essay called Agrarian Justice, Paine envisioned a system of social insurance for both the young and the elderly. His innovative idea would pave the way for what would become modern-day Social Security. Paine is also credited with conceiving the name “The United States of America.”
 
 12   The author is considering deleting the underlined selection. Should the author delete this sentence?

A
No, because it describes the historical origin of Pennsylvania Magazine.
B
No, because it demonstrates a major impact of Paine’s writings.
C
Yes, because it assumes that the reader is ignorant.
D
Yes, because this information distracts a reader’s attention from the passage’s focus on Thomas Paine and his writing.
Question 12 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). Choices (A) and (B) are incorrect because Delaware’s ratification of the U.S. Constitution is otherwise unrelated to the passage. Option (C) is incorrect because there is nothing about the sentence to indicate that the writer judges the reader as ignorant.
Question 13
Questions 9–17 are based on the following passage.

The Father of the American Revolution

Despite his tremendous influence on the history of the United States,  9  nobody knows who this person Thomas Paine actually was. Paine was born on  10  February 9 1737, in the town of Thetford England. As a young man, Paine worked as a tailor, sailor,  11  and he also was working as a minister, but he found his true calling when he moved to the British colonies in America.

Paine first gained notoriety as the editor of Pennsylvania Magazine, and he became more prominent as political turmoil engulfed the colonies.  12  Pennsylvania later became the second state to ratify the US constitution, after Delaware. In 1776, Paine anonymously published a book called Common Sense, in which he made a persuasive and impassioned case for American independence from Britain. The book’s popularity spread like  13  wildfire; soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation. Once the American Revolution began, Paine published a series of pamphlets called The Crisis. Paine’s work became a source of morale for troops engaged in the bloody war.

 14  Unfortunatly, Paine’s ideas were not popular with all readers. In 1793, he was imprisoned in France for  14  opposing the  14  execution of Louis XVI, who had been overthrown in the French Revolution. He died nearly penniless in New York City in 1809. Nevertheless, Thomas Paine lives on in the present day through his timeless writing.  15  

Thomas Paine’s visionary ideas were far-reaching in scope. American Founding Fathers Thomas Jefferson and John Adams drew heavily on his  16  work, when drafting the Declaration of Independence.  17  In an essay called Agrarian Justice, Paine envisioned a system of social insurance for both the young and the elderly. His innovative idea would pave the way for what would become modern-day Social Security. Paine is also credited with conceiving the name “The United States of America.”
 
 13  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
wildfire, soon
C
wildfire, which soon
D
wildfire soon
Question 13 Explanation: 
The correct choice is (A). The semicolon is used properly to connect two closely related independent clauses: “The book’s popularity spread like wildfire,” and “soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation.” Option (B) creates a comma splice, because a comma cannot connect two independent clauses without a coordinating conjunction such as “and” or “but.” The use of “which” in choice (C) makes the sentence awkward and unclear. Choice (D) is a run-on sentence, since it connects two independent clauses without any punctuation or coordinating conjunctions.
Question 14
Questions 9–17 are based on the following passage.

The Father of the American Revolution

Despite his tremendous influence on the history of the United States,  9  nobody knows who this person Thomas Paine actually was. Paine was born on  10  February 9 1737, in the town of Thetford England. As a young man, Paine worked as a tailor, sailor,  11  and he also was working as a minister, but he found his true calling when he moved to the British colonies in America.

Paine first gained notoriety as the editor of Pennsylvania Magazine, and he became more prominent as political turmoil engulfed the colonies.  12  Pennsylvania later became the second state to ratify the US constitution, after Delaware. In 1776, Paine anonymously published a book called Common Sense, in which he made a persuasive and impassioned case for American independence from Britain. The book’s popularity spread like  13  wildfire; soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation. Once the American Revolution began, Paine published a series of pamphlets called The Crisis. Paine’s work became a source of morale for troops engaged in the bloody war.

 14  Unfortunatly, Paine’s ideas were not popular with all readers. In 1793, he was imprisoned in France for  14  opposing the  14  execution of Louis XVI, who had been overthrown in the French Revolution. He died nearly penniless in New York City in 1809. Nevertheless, Thomas Paine lives on in the present day through his timeless writing.  15  

Thomas Paine’s visionary ideas were far-reaching in scope. American Founding Fathers Thomas Jefferson and John Adams drew heavily on his  16  work, when drafting the Declaration of Independence.  17  In an essay called Agrarian Justice, Paine envisioned a system of social insurance for both the young and the elderly. His innovative idea would pave the way for what would become modern-day Social Security. Paine is also credited with conceiving the name “The United States of America.”
 
 14   Which of the following words is misspelled, if any?

A
(None)
B
unfortunatly
C
opposing
D
execution
Question 14 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). The correct spelling is "unfortunately."
Question 15
Questions 9–17 are based on the following passage.

The Father of the American Revolution

Despite his tremendous influence on the history of the United States,  9  nobody knows who this person Thomas Paine actually was. Paine was born on  10  February 9 1737, in the town of Thetford England. As a young man, Paine worked as a tailor, sailor,  11  and he also was working as a minister, but he found his true calling when he moved to the British colonies in America.

Paine first gained notoriety as the editor of Pennsylvania Magazine, and he became more prominent as political turmoil engulfed the colonies.  12  Pennsylvania later became the second state to ratify the US constitution, after Delaware. In 1776, Paine anonymously published a book called Common Sense, in which he made a persuasive and impassioned case for American independence from Britain. The book’s popularity spread like  13  wildfire; soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation. Once the American Revolution began, Paine published a series of pamphlets called The Crisis. Paine’s work became a source of morale for troops engaged in the bloody war.

 14  Unfortunatly, Paine’s ideas were not popular with all readers. In 1793, he was imprisoned in France for  14  opposing the  14  execution of Louis XVI, who had been overthrown in the French Revolution. He died nearly penniless in New York City in 1809. Nevertheless, Thomas Paine lives on in the present day through his timeless writing.  15  

Thomas Paine’s visionary ideas were far-reaching in scope. American Founding Fathers Thomas Jefferson and John Adams drew heavily on his  16  work, when drafting the Declaration of Independence.  17  In an essay called Agrarian Justice, Paine envisioned a system of social insurance for both the young and the elderly. His innovative idea would pave the way for what would become modern-day Social Security. Paine is also credited with conceiving the name “The United States of America.”
 
 15   Which is the best placement for paragraph 3?

A
(No change)
B
Before paragraph 1
C
Between paragraphs 1 and 2
D
After paragraph 4
Question 15 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). This paragraph works best as a conclusion to the passage. Paragraph 1 introduces Thomas Paine and provides some brief biographical background. Paragraph 2 recounts Paine's rise in popularity as a writer, and paragraph 4 discusses how his ideas influenced the American Revolution. Since paragraph 3 focuses on the later years of Paine's life and his death, it makes sense to place it at the end of the passage.
Question 16
Questions 9–17 are based on the following passage.

The Father of the American Revolution

Despite his tremendous influence on the history of the United States,  9  nobody knows who this person Thomas Paine actually was. Paine was born on  10  February 9 1737, in the town of Thetford England. As a young man, Paine worked as a tailor, sailor,  11  and he also was working as a minister, but he found his true calling when he moved to the British colonies in America.

Paine first gained notoriety as the editor of Pennsylvania Magazine, and he became more prominent as political turmoil engulfed the colonies.  12  Pennsylvania later became the second state to ratify the US constitution, after Delaware. In 1776, Paine anonymously published a book called Common Sense, in which he made a persuasive and impassioned case for American independence from Britain. The book’s popularity spread like  13  wildfire; soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation. Once the American Revolution began, Paine published a series of pamphlets called The Crisis. Paine’s work became a source of morale for troops engaged in the bloody war.

 14  Unfortunatly, Paine’s ideas were not popular with all readers. In 1793, he was imprisoned in France for  14  opposing the  14  execution of Louis XVI, who had been overthrown in the French Revolution. He died nearly penniless in New York City in 1809. Nevertheless, Thomas Paine lives on in the present day through his timeless writing.  15  

Thomas Paine’s visionary ideas were far-reaching in scope. American Founding Fathers Thomas Jefferson and John Adams drew heavily on his  16  work, when drafting the Declaration of Independence.  17  In an essay called Agrarian Justice, Paine envisioned a system of social insurance for both the young and the elderly. His innovative idea would pave the way for what would become modern-day Social Security. Paine is also credited with conceiving the name “The United States of America.”
 
 16  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
work—when
C
work when
D
work. When
Question 16 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). There is no structural reason to break up this sentence with punctuation, which rules out options (A) and (B). Choice (D) creates a sentence fragment after the period.
Question 17
Questions 9–17 are based on the following passage.

The Father of the American Revolution

Despite his tremendous influence on the history of the United States,  9  nobody knows who this person Thomas Paine actually was. Paine was born on  10  February 9 1737, in the town of Thetford England. As a young man, Paine worked as a tailor, sailor,  11  and he also was working as a minister, but he found his true calling when he moved to the British colonies in America.

Paine first gained notoriety as the editor of Pennsylvania Magazine, and he became more prominent as political turmoil engulfed the colonies.  12  Pennsylvania later became the second state to ratify the US constitution, after Delaware. In 1776, Paine anonymously published a book called Common Sense, in which he made a persuasive and impassioned case for American independence from Britain. The book’s popularity spread like  13  wildfire; soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation. Once the American Revolution began, Paine published a series of pamphlets called The Crisis. Paine’s work became a source of morale for troops engaged in the bloody war.

 14  Unfortunatly, Paine’s ideas were not popular with all readers. In 1793, he was imprisoned in France for  14  opposing the  14  execution of Louis XVI, who had been overthrown in the French Revolution. He died nearly penniless in New York City in 1809. Nevertheless, Thomas Paine lives on in the present day through his timeless writing.  15  

Thomas Paine’s visionary ideas were far-reaching in scope. American Founding Fathers Thomas Jefferson and John Adams drew heavily on his  16  work, when drafting the Declaration of Independence.  17  In an essay called Agrarian Justice, Paine envisioned a system of social insurance for both the young and the elderly. His innovative idea would pave the way for what would become modern-day Social Security. Paine is also credited with conceiving the name “The United States of America.”
 
 17   Which of the following would be the best way to combine these two sentences?

A
In an essay called Agrarian Justice, Paine envisioned a system of social insurance for both the young and the elderly and paved the way for what would become modern-day Social Security.
B
In an essay called Agrarian Justice, a system of social insurance was envisioned by Paine, inspired to create what we would call Social Security.
C
Paine, envisioning a system of social insurance for the young and the elderly, in his essay Agrarian Justice, paved the way for what would become modern-day Social Security.
D
Paine’s envisioning of Agrarian Justice became the written inspiration for modern-day Social Security, in that it envisioned a social insurance system for both the young and the elderly.
Question 17 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). The first phrase of choice (A), “In an essay called Agrarian Justice,” clearly introduces the next independent clause with Paine as its subject and two finite verbs in parallel, “envisioned” and “paved”.

Choice (B) employs the passive voice needlessly (“was envisioned by Paine” is passive, whereas “Paine envisioned” is active). Choice (C) has a confusing structure because it introduces the material in an illogical order and is not in parallel. Choice (D) changes the very meaning of the sentence.
Question 18
Questions 18–24 are based on the following letter.

Mr. Eric Nielsen
Chief Executive Officer
Swirl Corporation
Wilmington, NC 28409

Dear Mr. Nielsen:

 18  Me and my wife have been customers of the Swirl Corporation for the past 30 years. We have purchased various household appliances such as dishwashers, ovens, washers, and dryers from the local Swirl outlet store since moving here in the early nineties. We recently purchased a Swirl Eco Energy Star refrigerator from your store to replace our old non-Energy Star refrigerator. The new refrigerator worked well for two months before the top freezer stopped cooling completely.  19  Are energy bills also seem too have increased by about $25 per month since we bought this new Energy Star model.

Upon researching the problem, I found that there have been recalls of several products with  20  serial numbers comparable to us. I spoke to  21  your salesman, Lucas Garcia, at the outlet store, but all he did was tell me to call your toll free number. I called the toll free number and returning the refrigerator was something I was advised to do to your outlet store in order for it to be forwarded on to your distribution facility.

It has been over three weeks since we returned the refrigerator to your  23  store, but, we still hadn’t received a status update. Our energy bills have dropped back to their original level since we switched back to our old refrigerator. Our goal was to reduce our energy bill, so we are still dissatisfied. If you would like to retain us as customers, then please address these issues immediately.

Sincerely,
Horace Whittaker III
 
 18  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
My wife and I
C
My wife and me
D
Myself and my wife
Question 18 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). “I” is the only acceptable form of the first person in the subject of a sentence. When you are unsure about using “me” or “I” in a sentence like this, read the first part of the sentence with each word to see which one sounds right: “Me have been” is wrong, whereas “I have been” is right, so you know to use “My wife and I.”
Question 19
Questions 18–24 are based on the following letter.

Mr. Eric Nielsen
Chief Executive Officer
Swirl Corporation
Wilmington, NC 28409

Dear Mr. Nielsen:

 18  Me and my wife have been customers of the Swirl Corporation for the past 30 years. We have purchased various household appliances such as dishwashers, ovens, washers, and dryers from the local Swirl outlet store since moving here in the early nineties. We recently purchased a Swirl Eco Energy Star refrigerator from your store to replace our old non-Energy Star refrigerator. The new refrigerator worked well for two months before the top freezer stopped cooling completely.  19  Are energy bills also seem too have increased by about $25 per month since we bought this new Energy Star model.

Upon researching the problem, I found that there have been recalls of several products with  20  serial numbers comparable to us. I spoke to  21  your salesman, Lucas Garcia, at the outlet store, but all he did was tell me to call your toll free number. I called the toll free number and returning the refrigerator was something I was advised to do to your outlet store in order for it to be forwarded on to your distribution facility.

It has been over three weeks since we returned the refrigerator to your  23  store, but, we still hadn’t received a status update. Our energy bills have dropped back to their original level since we switched back to our old refrigerator. Our goal was to reduce our energy bill, so we are still dissatisfied. If you would like to retain us as customers, then please address these issues immediately.

Sincerely,
Horace Whittaker III
 
 19  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
Our energy bills also seem too have increased buy
C
Are energy bills also seem two have increased by
D
Our energy bills also seem to have increased by
Question 19 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). The wrong answers use the incorrect homonyms, which are words that sound the same but are spelled differently. Answer (D) uses the correct version of the homonyms “our” and “are,” “to,” “too,” and “two,” and “by” and “buy.”
Question 20
Questions 18–24 are based on the following letter.

Mr. Eric Nielsen
Chief Executive Officer
Swirl Corporation
Wilmington, NC 28409

Dear Mr. Nielsen:

 18  Me and my wife have been customers of the Swirl Corporation for the past 30 years. We have purchased various household appliances such as dishwashers, ovens, washers, and dryers from the local Swirl outlet store since moving here in the early nineties. We recently purchased a Swirl Eco Energy Star refrigerator from your store to replace our old non-Energy Star refrigerator. The new refrigerator worked well for two months before the top freezer stopped cooling completely.  19  Are energy bills also seem too have increased by about $25 per month since we bought this new Energy Star model.

Upon researching the problem, I found that there have been recalls of several products with  20  serial numbers comparable to us. I spoke to  21  your salesman, Lucas Garcia, at the outlet store, but all he did was tell me to call your toll free number. I called the toll free number and returning the refrigerator was something I was advised to do to your outlet store in order for it to be forwarded on to your distribution facility.

It has been over three weeks since we returned the refrigerator to your  23  store, but, we still hadn’t received a status update. Our energy bills have dropped back to their original level since we switched back to our old refrigerator. Our goal was to reduce our energy bill, so we are still dissatisfied. If you would like to retain us as customers, then please address these issues immediately.

Sincerely,
Horace Whittaker III
 
 20  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
serial numbers in the same range as us
C
serial numbers, that are similar to ours
D
serial numbers in the same range as ours
Question 20 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). It correctly compares the range of serial numbers of the recalled products with the couple’s serial number. Answer choices (A) and (B) are incorrect because they compare the serial numbers to the couple and not to an object that they possess. Answer choice (C) is incorrect because there should not be a comma after “that.”
Question 21
Questions 18–24 are based on the following letter.

Mr. Eric Nielsen
Chief Executive Officer
Swirl Corporation
Wilmington, NC 28409

Dear Mr. Nielsen:

 18  Me and my wife have been customers of the Swirl Corporation for the past 30 years. We have purchased various household appliances such as dishwashers, ovens, washers, and dryers from the local Swirl outlet store since moving here in the early nineties. We recently purchased a Swirl Eco Energy Star refrigerator from your store to replace our old non-Energy Star refrigerator. The new refrigerator worked well for two months before the top freezer stopped cooling completely.  19  Are energy bills also seem too have increased by about $25 per month since we bought this new Energy Star model.

Upon researching the problem, I found that there have been recalls of several products with  20  serial numbers comparable to us. I spoke to  21  your salesman, Lucas Garcia, at the outlet store, but all he did was tell me to call your toll free number. I called the toll free number and returning the refrigerator was something I was advised to do to your outlet store in order for it to be forwarded on to your distribution facility.

It has been over three weeks since we returned the refrigerator to your  23  store, but, we still hadn’t received a status update. Our energy bills have dropped back to their original level since we switched back to our old refrigerator. Our goal was to reduce our energy bill, so we are still dissatisfied. If you would like to retain us as customers, then please address these issues immediately.

Sincerely,
Horace Whittaker III
 
 21  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
your salesman Lucas Garcia
C
your salesman, Lucas Garcia
D
your salesman Lucas Garcia,
Question 21 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). Nonessential words, clauses, and phrases that occur mid-sentence must be enclosed by commas. You know the words are nonessential if you can remove them without making the sentence grammatically incorrect. Without the salesman’s name, the sentence remains correct: “I spoke to your salesman at the outlet store…”
Question 22
Questions 18–24 are based on the following letter.

Mr. Eric Nielsen
Chief Executive Officer
Swirl Corporation
Wilmington, NC 28409

Dear Mr. Nielsen:

 18  Me and my wife have been customers of the Swirl Corporation for the past 30 years. We have purchased various household appliances such as dishwashers, ovens, washers, and dryers from the local Swirl outlet store since moving here in the early nineties. We recently purchased a Swirl Eco Energy Star refrigerator from your store to replace our old non-Energy Star refrigerator. The new refrigerator worked well for two months before the top freezer stopped cooling completely.  19  Are energy bills also seem too have increased by about $25 per month since we bought this new Energy Star model.

Upon researching the problem, I found that there have been recalls of several products with  20  serial numbers comparable to us. I spoke to  21  your salesman, Lucas Garcia, at the outlet store, but all he did was tell me to call your toll free number. I called the toll free number and returning the refrigerator was something I was advised to do to your outlet store in order for it to be forwarded on to your distribution facility.

It has been over three weeks since we returned the refrigerator to your  23  store, but, we still hadn’t received a status update. Our energy bills have dropped back to their original level since we switched back to our old refrigerator. Our goal was to reduce our energy bill, so we are still dissatisfied. If you would like to retain us as customers, then please address these issues immediately.

Sincerely,
Horace Whittaker III
 
 22   Read this sentence from paragraph 2:

I called the toll free number and returning the refrigerator was something I was advised to do to your outlet store in order for it to be forwarded on to your distribution facility.
 
Which revision would improve the effectiveness of this sentence?

A
Mr. Garcia called the toll free number, and was told he needed to forward the refrigerator to the distribution facility, and that we should return it to the outlet store.
B
Upon calling the toll free number, I was told to return the refrigerator to the outlet store for forwarding to your distribution facility.
C
So I called the toll free number, and the outlet store was given as the place I was told to return the refrigerator, as it needed forwarding to your distribution facility.
D
The toll free number informed me that the distribution facility could forward the refrigerator to your outlet store, and I was told to return it.
Question 22 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). As written, the sentence is wordy and awkward. Look for a clearer, more concise version of the sentence. The shortest option is (B), and this choice also provides the best transition from the previous sentence with the phrase “upon calling….”
Question 23
Questions 18–24 are based on the following letter.

Mr. Eric Nielsen
Chief Executive Officer
Swirl Corporation
Wilmington, NC 28409

Dear Mr. Nielsen:

 18  Me and my wife have been customers of the Swirl Corporation for the past 30 years. We have purchased various household appliances such as dishwashers, ovens, washers, and dryers from the local Swirl outlet store since moving here in the early nineties. We recently purchased a Swirl Eco Energy Star refrigerator from your store to replace our old non-Energy Star refrigerator. The new refrigerator worked well for two months before the top freezer stopped cooling completely.  19  Are energy bills also seem too have increased by about $25 per month since we bought this new Energy Star model.

Upon researching the problem, I found that there have been recalls of several products with  20  serial numbers comparable to us. I spoke to  21  your salesman, Lucas Garcia, at the outlet store, but all he did was tell me to call your toll free number. I called the toll free number and returning the refrigerator was something I was advised to do to your outlet store in order for it to be forwarded on to your distribution facility.

It has been over three weeks since we returned the refrigerator to your  23  store, but, we still hadn’t received a status update. Our energy bills have dropped back to their original level since we switched back to our old refrigerator. Our goal was to reduce our energy bill, so we are still dissatisfied. If you would like to retain us as customers, then please address these issues immediately.

Sincerely,
Horace Whittaker III
 
 23  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
store. We still haven’t received
C
store, but we still have not received
D
store but we are not receiving
Question 23 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). It uses the correct verb tense (“have not received”) and connects two closely-related independent clauses with the correct punctuation (“store, but”). Choice (A) is incorrect because the comma after “but” is unnecessary and the verb “hadn’t” should be “haven’t” to parallel the beginning of the sentence. Answer (B) is incorrect because it separates two related ideas into two separate sentences, which makes the author’s intent less clear. Answer choice (D) is incorrect because the present progressive “we are not receiving” should not be used to express the way things are.
Question 24
Questions 18–24 are based on the following letter.

Mr. Eric Nielsen
Chief Executive Officer
Swirl Corporation
Wilmington, NC 28409

Dear Mr. Nielsen:

 18  Me and my wife have been customers of the Swirl Corporation for the past 30 years. We have purchased various household appliances such as dishwashers, ovens, washers, and dryers from the local Swirl outlet store since moving here in the early nineties. We recently purchased a Swirl Eco Energy Star refrigerator from your store to replace our old non-Energy Star refrigerator. The new refrigerator worked well for two months before the top freezer stopped cooling completely.  19  Are energy bills also seem too have increased by about $25 per month since we bought this new Energy Star model.

Upon researching the problem, I found that there have been recalls of several products with  20  serial numbers comparable to us. I spoke to  21  your salesman, Lucas Garcia, at the outlet store, but all he did was tell me to call your toll free number. I called the toll free number and returning the refrigerator was something I was advised to do to your outlet store in order for it to be forwarded on to your distribution facility.

It has been over three weeks since we returned the refrigerator to your  23  store, but, we still hadn’t received a status update. Our energy bills have dropped back to their original level since we switched back to our old refrigerator. Our goal was to reduce our energy bill, so we are still dissatisfied. If you would like to retain us as customers, then please address these issues immediately.

Sincerely,
Horace Whittaker III
 
 24   Read these sentences from paragraph 3:

Our energy bills have dropped back to their original level since we switched back to our old refrigerator. Our goal was to reduce our energy bill, so we are still dissatisfied.
 
The most effective combination of these sentences would include which group of words?

A
refrigerator, and yet, however,
B
refrigerator, so
C
refrigerator, and additionally
D
refrigerator, but
Question 24 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). A single, strongly contrasting keyword is all that is necessary to transition between these sentences. Option (A) is redundant. Option (B) signals a cause-and-effect relationship not already described here. Option (C) is not only redundant, but also indicates a similarity between these two ideas when the goal of reducing an energy bill is in contrast to the preceding idea.
Question 25
Questions 25–33 are based on the following passage.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a women’s rights activist and  25  had been a leader in the movement that eventually secured American women the right to vote. Her early education, upbringing, and interest in social matters set her on a path of leadership,  26  and she inspired other men and women to take up the cause as well.

 27  Susan B. Anthony was clearly focused on the issue of voting rights for women. Elizabeth Cady Stanton had a different approach. She wanted to promote the broader issue of women's rights. Her concerns included women’s custody and property rights, employment and income rights, separation and divorce laws, birth control, and abortion. Even though Anthony and Stanton disagreed on the focus of the women’s rights  28  movement, they remained friends, and, continued working together towards voting rights for women.

Stanton remained focused on her  29  work; writing many important books, documents, and speeches for the women’s rights movement. She also traveled and lectured widely, earning money to pay for her sons to attend college. Stanton promoted voting rights  30  in women in several states, and she made an unsuccessful attempt to secure a U.S. Congressional seat from New York.

As Stanton grew older, she became more active internationally. In 1888, she worked to found the International Council of Women. In the U.S., it took until 1890 for the divided supporters of the women’s rights movement to eventually reunite as the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and Stanton became the organization’s first president. However, after spending over five decades working towards equal rights for women, Elizabeth Cady Stanton died in 1902, still some twenty years before women gained the right to vote.  31  

Because of her  32  controversial ideas, Elizabeth Cady Stanton was initially overshadowed by Susan B. Anthony, who was more frequently  32  recognized as the founder of the women’s rights movement. Over time, however, formal recognition of Stanton’s work has increased. Elizabeth Cady Stanton became  32  acknowleged for taking a founding role in the women’s suffrage movement.  33  
 
 25  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
a leader in the movement
C
did lead the movement as its leader
D
were leading the movement
Question 25 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). The past tense verb “was” applies to both “a women’s rights activist” and “a leader in the movement.” The past perfect tense is unnecessary in Option (A). Option (C) is redundant, and Option (D) incorrectly uses the plural form of the verb “to be”.
Question 26
Questions 25–33 are based on the following passage.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a women’s rights activist and  25  had been a leader in the movement that eventually secured American women the right to vote. Her early education, upbringing, and interest in social matters set her on a path of leadership,  26  and she inspired other men and women to take up the cause as well.

 27  Susan B. Anthony was clearly focused on the issue of voting rights for women. Elizabeth Cady Stanton had a different approach. She wanted to promote the broader issue of women's rights. Her concerns included women’s custody and property rights, employment and income rights, separation and divorce laws, birth control, and abortion. Even though Anthony and Stanton disagreed on the focus of the women’s rights  28  movement, they remained friends, and, continued working together towards voting rights for women.

Stanton remained focused on her  29  work; writing many important books, documents, and speeches for the women’s rights movement. She also traveled and lectured widely, earning money to pay for her sons to attend college. Stanton promoted voting rights  30  in women in several states, and she made an unsuccessful attempt to secure a U.S. Congressional seat from New York.

As Stanton grew older, she became more active internationally. In 1888, she worked to found the International Council of Women. In the U.S., it took until 1890 for the divided supporters of the women’s rights movement to eventually reunite as the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and Stanton became the organization’s first president. However, after spending over five decades working towards equal rights for women, Elizabeth Cady Stanton died in 1902, still some twenty years before women gained the right to vote.  31  

Because of her  32  controversial ideas, Elizabeth Cady Stanton was initially overshadowed by Susan B. Anthony, who was more frequently  32  recognized as the founder of the women’s rights movement. Over time, however, formal recognition of Stanton’s work has increased. Elizabeth Cady Stanton became  32  acknowleged for taking a founding role in the women’s suffrage movement.  33  
 
 26   The author is considering deleting the underlined selection. Should the author delete this part of the sentence?

A
No, because it introduces the main theme of the passage.
B
No, because it describes specific details about Stanton’s life.
C
Yes, because it relates to Susan B. Anthony and not Stanton.
D
Yes, because the sentence is grammatically correct without it.
Question 26 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). Stanton’s impact on others is emphasized throughout the passage and reiterated in the concluding paragraph. If this portion of the sentence was deleted, then the passage’s thesis would be less clear. Option (B) is incorrect because the statement is general and does not provide specific biographical information. Option (C), is incorrect because Anthony is not introduced until the next paragraph. Although Option (D) is true, the sentence is thematically valuable even if not grammatically necessary.
Question 27
Questions 25–33 are based on the following passage.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a women’s rights activist and  25  had been a leader in the movement that eventually secured American women the right to vote. Her early education, upbringing, and interest in social matters set her on a path of leadership,  26  and she inspired other men and women to take up the cause as well.

 27  Susan B. Anthony was clearly focused on the issue of voting rights for women. Elizabeth Cady Stanton had a different approach. She wanted to promote the broader issue of women's rights. Her concerns included women’s custody and property rights, employment and income rights, separation and divorce laws, birth control, and abortion. Even though Anthony and Stanton disagreed on the focus of the women’s rights  28  movement, they remained friends, and, continued working together towards voting rights for women.

Stanton remained focused on her  29  work; writing many important books, documents, and speeches for the women’s rights movement. She also traveled and lectured widely, earning money to pay for her sons to attend college. Stanton promoted voting rights  30  in women in several states, and she made an unsuccessful attempt to secure a U.S. Congressional seat from New York.

As Stanton grew older, she became more active internationally. In 1888, she worked to found the International Council of Women. In the U.S., it took until 1890 for the divided supporters of the women’s rights movement to eventually reunite as the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and Stanton became the organization’s first president. However, after spending over five decades working towards equal rights for women, Elizabeth Cady Stanton died in 1902, still some twenty years before women gained the right to vote.  31  

Because of her  32  controversial ideas, Elizabeth Cady Stanton was initially overshadowed by Susan B. Anthony, who was more frequently  32  recognized as the founder of the women’s rights movement. Over time, however, formal recognition of Stanton’s work has increased. Elizabeth Cady Stanton became  32  acknowleged for taking a founding role in the women’s suffrage movement.  33  
 
 27   Which of the following would be the best way to combine these 3 sentences?

A
Susan B. Anthony was clearly focused on the issue of voting rights for women, different than this approach was that of Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who wanted to promote the broader issue of women's rights.
B
Elizabeth Cady Stanton wanted to promote the broader issue of women’s rights, and was not clearly focused on the issue of voting rights for women, as was Susan B. Anthony.
C
However, Susan B. Anthony was clearly focused on the issue of voting rights for women, although Elizabeth Cady Stanton wanted to promote the broader issue of women’s rights.
D
Unlike Susan B. Anthony, who was clearly focused on the issue of voting rights for women, Elizabeth Cady Stanton wanted to promote the broader issue of women’s rights.
Question 27 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). It is the only option that is written clearly and correctly.
Question 28
Questions 25–33 are based on the following passage.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a women’s rights activist and  25  had been a leader in the movement that eventually secured American women the right to vote. Her early education, upbringing, and interest in social matters set her on a path of leadership,  26  and she inspired other men and women to take up the cause as well.

 27  Susan B. Anthony was clearly focused on the issue of voting rights for women. Elizabeth Cady Stanton had a different approach. She wanted to promote the broader issue of women's rights. Her concerns included women’s custody and property rights, employment and income rights, separation and divorce laws, birth control, and abortion. Even though Anthony and Stanton disagreed on the focus of the women’s rights  28  movement, they remained friends, and, continued working together towards voting rights for women.

Stanton remained focused on her  29  work; writing many important books, documents, and speeches for the women’s rights movement. She also traveled and lectured widely, earning money to pay for her sons to attend college. Stanton promoted voting rights  30  in women in several states, and she made an unsuccessful attempt to secure a U.S. Congressional seat from New York.

As Stanton grew older, she became more active internationally. In 1888, she worked to found the International Council of Women. In the U.S., it took until 1890 for the divided supporters of the women’s rights movement to eventually reunite as the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and Stanton became the organization’s first president. However, after spending over five decades working towards equal rights for women, Elizabeth Cady Stanton died in 1902, still some twenty years before women gained the right to vote.  31  

Because of her  32  controversial ideas, Elizabeth Cady Stanton was initially overshadowed by Susan B. Anthony, who was more frequently  32  recognized as the founder of the women’s rights movement. Over time, however, formal recognition of Stanton’s work has increased. Elizabeth Cady Stanton became  32  acknowleged for taking a founding role in the women’s suffrage movement.  33  
 
 28  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
movement but they remained friends and,
C
movement, they remained friends and
D
movement, however, they remained friends and
Question 28 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). Because the sentence begins with the contrasting phrase “even though,” we do not need a second contrasting word, such as “however,” in the sentence. In order to make the contrast clear, we need a comma before the “they.” No comma is required after or before the word “and.”
Question 29
Questions 25–33 are based on the following passage.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a women’s rights activist and  25  had been a leader in the movement that eventually secured American women the right to vote. Her early education, upbringing, and interest in social matters set her on a path of leadership,  26  and she inspired other men and women to take up the cause as well.

 27  Susan B. Anthony was clearly focused on the issue of voting rights for women. Elizabeth Cady Stanton had a different approach. She wanted to promote the broader issue of women's rights. Her concerns included women’s custody and property rights, employment and income rights, separation and divorce laws, birth control, and abortion. Even though Anthony and Stanton disagreed on the focus of the women’s rights  28  movement, they remained friends, and, continued working together towards voting rights for women.

Stanton remained focused on her  29  work; writing many important books, documents, and speeches for the women’s rights movement. She also traveled and lectured widely, earning money to pay for her sons to attend college. Stanton promoted voting rights  30  in women in several states, and she made an unsuccessful attempt to secure a U.S. Congressional seat from New York.

As Stanton grew older, she became more active internationally. In 1888, she worked to found the International Council of Women. In the U.S., it took until 1890 for the divided supporters of the women’s rights movement to eventually reunite as the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and Stanton became the organization’s first president. However, after spending over five decades working towards equal rights for women, Elizabeth Cady Stanton died in 1902, still some twenty years before women gained the right to vote.  31  

Because of her  32  controversial ideas, Elizabeth Cady Stanton was initially overshadowed by Susan B. Anthony, who was more frequently  32  recognized as the founder of the women’s rights movement. Over time, however, formal recognition of Stanton’s work has increased. Elizabeth Cady Stanton became  32  acknowleged for taking a founding role in the women’s suffrage movement.  33  
 
 29  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
work, she wrote
C
work, she had written
D
work, writing
Question 29 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). A semicolon is used to separate two independent clauses, or complete sentences. The second part of this sentence as written, however, could not stand on its own as a complete sentence. Choice (B) makes both parts of the sentence independent clauses, but incorrectly replaces the semicolon with a comma. A comma cannot separate two independent clauses. This is called a run-on sentence. Choice (C) is also a run-on and uses the unnecessary past perfect verb tense. Only choice (D) offers a correct construction. The comma is used to separate an independent and a dependent clause. The participle “writing” becomes the beginning of a long modifying phrase.
Question 30
Questions 25–33 are based on the following passage.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a women’s rights activist and  25  had been a leader in the movement that eventually secured American women the right to vote. Her early education, upbringing, and interest in social matters set her on a path of leadership,  26  and she inspired other men and women to take up the cause as well.

 27  Susan B. Anthony was clearly focused on the issue of voting rights for women. Elizabeth Cady Stanton had a different approach. She wanted to promote the broader issue of women's rights. Her concerns included women’s custody and property rights, employment and income rights, separation and divorce laws, birth control, and abortion. Even though Anthony and Stanton disagreed on the focus of the women’s rights  28  movement, they remained friends, and, continued working together towards voting rights for women.

Stanton remained focused on her  29  work; writing many important books, documents, and speeches for the women’s rights movement. She also traveled and lectured widely, earning money to pay for her sons to attend college. Stanton promoted voting rights  30  in women in several states, and she made an unsuccessful attempt to secure a U.S. Congressional seat from New York.

As Stanton grew older, she became more active internationally. In 1888, she worked to found the International Council of Women. In the U.S., it took until 1890 for the divided supporters of the women’s rights movement to eventually reunite as the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and Stanton became the organization’s first president. However, after spending over five decades working towards equal rights for women, Elizabeth Cady Stanton died in 1902, still some twenty years before women gained the right to vote.  31  

Because of her  32  controversial ideas, Elizabeth Cady Stanton was initially overshadowed by Susan B. Anthony, who was more frequently  32  recognized as the founder of the women’s rights movement. Over time, however, formal recognition of Stanton’s work has increased. Elizabeth Cady Stanton became  32  acknowleged for taking a founding role in the women’s suffrage movement.  33  
 
 30  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
for
C
through
D
of
Question 30 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). The preposition here correctly expresses the relationship between “voting rights” and “women. The rights were intended FOR the women. Answer (D) might be correct in another sentence, but since Stanton promoted the granting of rights not already accorded to women, it is not appropriate here.
Question 31
Questions 25–33 are based on the following passage.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a women’s rights activist and  25  had been a leader in the movement that eventually secured American women the right to vote. Her early education, upbringing, and interest in social matters set her on a path of leadership,  26  and she inspired other men and women to take up the cause as well.

 27  Susan B. Anthony was clearly focused on the issue of voting rights for women. Elizabeth Cady Stanton had a different approach. She wanted to promote the broader issue of women's rights. Her concerns included women’s custody and property rights, employment and income rights, separation and divorce laws, birth control, and abortion. Even though Anthony and Stanton disagreed on the focus of the women’s rights  28  movement, they remained friends, and, continued working together towards voting rights for women.

Stanton remained focused on her  29  work; writing many important books, documents, and speeches for the women’s rights movement. She also traveled and lectured widely, earning money to pay for her sons to attend college. Stanton promoted voting rights  30  in women in several states, and she made an unsuccessful attempt to secure a U.S. Congressional seat from New York.

As Stanton grew older, she became more active internationally. In 1888, she worked to found the International Council of Women. In the U.S., it took until 1890 for the divided supporters of the women’s rights movement to eventually reunite as the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and Stanton became the organization’s first president. However, after spending over five decades working towards equal rights for women, Elizabeth Cady Stanton died in 1902, still some twenty years before women gained the right to vote.  31  

Because of her  32  controversial ideas, Elizabeth Cady Stanton was initially overshadowed by Susan B. Anthony, who was more frequently  32  recognized as the founder of the women’s rights movement. Over time, however, formal recognition of Stanton’s work has increased. Elizabeth Cady Stanton became  32  acknowleged for taking a founding role in the women’s suffrage movement.  33  
 
 31   The author would like to add the following sentence to the fourth paragraph:

This reconciliation and unification helped women's suffrage enter the political mainstream.
 
For the most logical organization of ideas, where should the sentence be placed?

A
After sentence 1
B
After sentence 2
C
After sentence 3
D
After sentence 4
Question 31 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). Sentence 3 introduces the idea of reconciliation and unification. This new sentence must logically follow Sentence 3 as it provides further development of the same point.
Question 32
Questions 25–33 are based on the following passage.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a women’s rights activist and  25  had been a leader in the movement that eventually secured American women the right to vote. Her early education, upbringing, and interest in social matters set her on a path of leadership,  26  and she inspired other men and women to take up the cause as well.

 27  Susan B. Anthony was clearly focused on the issue of voting rights for women. Elizabeth Cady Stanton had a different approach. She wanted to promote the broader issue of women's rights. Her concerns included women’s custody and property rights, employment and income rights, separation and divorce laws, birth control, and abortion. Even though Anthony and Stanton disagreed on the focus of the women’s rights  28  movement, they remained friends, and, continued working together towards voting rights for women.

Stanton remained focused on her  29  work; writing many important books, documents, and speeches for the women’s rights movement. She also traveled and lectured widely, earning money to pay for her sons to attend college. Stanton promoted voting rights  30  in women in several states, and she made an unsuccessful attempt to secure a U.S. Congressional seat from New York.

As Stanton grew older, she became more active internationally. In 1888, she worked to found the International Council of Women. In the U.S., it took until 1890 for the divided supporters of the women’s rights movement to eventually reunite as the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and Stanton became the organization’s first president. However, after spending over five decades working towards equal rights for women, Elizabeth Cady Stanton died in 1902, still some twenty years before women gained the right to vote.  31  

Because of her  32  controversial ideas, Elizabeth Cady Stanton was initially overshadowed by Susan B. Anthony, who was more frequently  32  recognized as the founder of the women’s rights movement. Over time, however, formal recognition of Stanton’s work has increased. Elizabeth Cady Stanton became  32  acknowleged for taking a founding role in the women’s suffrage movement.  33  
 
 32   Which of the following words is misspelled, if any?

A
(None)
B
controversial
C
recognized
D
acknowleged
Question 32 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). The correct spelling is "acknowledged."
Question 33
Questions 25–33 are based on the following passage.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was a women’s rights activist and  25  had been a leader in the movement that eventually secured American women the right to vote. Her early education, upbringing, and interest in social matters set her on a path of leadership,  26  and she inspired other men and women to take up the cause as well.

 27  Susan B. Anthony was clearly focused on the issue of voting rights for women. Elizabeth Cady Stanton had a different approach. She wanted to promote the broader issue of women's rights. Her concerns included women’s custody and property rights, employment and income rights, separation and divorce laws, birth control, and abortion. Even though Anthony and Stanton disagreed on the focus of the women’s rights  28  movement, they remained friends, and, continued working together towards voting rights for women.

Stanton remained focused on her  29  work; writing many important books, documents, and speeches for the women’s rights movement. She also traveled and lectured widely, earning money to pay for her sons to attend college. Stanton promoted voting rights  30  in women in several states, and she made an unsuccessful attempt to secure a U.S. Congressional seat from New York.

As Stanton grew older, she became more active internationally. In 1888, she worked to found the International Council of Women. In the U.S., it took until 1890 for the divided supporters of the women’s rights movement to eventually reunite as the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and Stanton became the organization’s first president. However, after spending over five decades working towards equal rights for women, Elizabeth Cady Stanton died in 1902, still some twenty years before women gained the right to vote.  31  

Because of her  32  controversial ideas, Elizabeth Cady Stanton was initially overshadowed by Susan B. Anthony, who was more frequently  32  recognized as the founder of the women’s rights movement. Over time, however, formal recognition of Stanton’s work has increased. Elizabeth Cady Stanton became  32  acknowleged for taking a founding role in the women’s suffrage movement.  33  
 
 33   Which of the following sentences, if added to the end of the passage, would provide the best concluding sentence for the entire passage?

A
The 19th Amendment, which gave all citizens the right to vote, was passed in large part due to Stanton’s effort and without her, it may never have been ratified.
B
Ever the iconoclast, in 1898, Stanton published The Woman’s Bible, a scholarly feminist journal, for which the National American Woman Suffrage Association censured her.
C
In the late 1860s, Stanton began to lobby for what she called the woman’s right to “self-sovereignty” and suggested that women should attempt to avoid pregnancy.
D
Today, Elizabeth Cady Stanton is rightly credited with helping to secure voting rights for women and for promoting equal rights for women in society at large.
Question 33 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). This sentence emphasizes the idea introduced in the previous sentence: that Stanton’s legacy endure as well as offering a good summary of the text’s overall argument about Stanton. Option (A) places too much emphasis on the 19th Amendment and fails to recap the passage. Options (B) and (C) both introduce new facts more appropriate to previous paragraphs.
Question 34
Questions 34–40 are based on the following letter.

To: All Staff
From: Jill Peterson, Senior Vice President
Date: April 19, 2018
Subject: Strategic Changes and Welcome Luncheon

As you may have heard, we will be transitioning from our existing client management system to a new platform. These capabilities will help us to match our  34  client’s with more appropriate products. Training on the advanced analytics will begin on July 1st and training on the client database will begin the following week. This platform includes more advanced analytics capabilities. In addition, the new system will provide a more flexible client database.

Another issue I will like to bring to your attention involves the introduction of our 24-hour customer support line. We will need to run a third shift from 12:00 AM – 8:00 AM to staff the 24-hour customer support line and would like to invite interested employees to contact  36  Pam Roberts the shift coordinator about their interest in working on the third shift. Third shift employees will be paid overtime rates. This should serve as additional motivation for those looking to make some extra cash.

Robin Messer will be joining our company next week as head of our commercial lending division. Robin has been working at Affinity Bank for the past 5 years where she increased  39  their commercial lending portfolio by 80 percent over that time. Her previous work experience  40  include stints with JP Morgan, Bank of America, and Goldman Sachs. We will be holding a public luncheon on April 29, 2018 to formally welcome her into the fold.
 
 34  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
clients's
C
clients's
D
clients
Question 34 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). An apostrophe is used to indicate possession. For example, “the man’s hat,” indicates that the man owns (or possesses) the hat. In this letter, the word clients is not possessive but merely the plural form of client, since it is referring to more than one client.
Question 35
Questions 34–40 are based on the following letter.

To: All Staff
From: Jill Peterson, Senior Vice President
Date: April 19, 2018
Subject: Strategic Changes and Welcome Luncheon

As you may have heard, we will be transitioning from our existing client management system to a new platform. These capabilities will help us to match our  34  client’s with more appropriate products. Training on the advanced analytics will begin on July 1st and training on the client database will begin the following week. This platform includes more advanced analytics capabilities. In addition, the new system will provide a more flexible client database.

Another issue I will like to bring to your attention involves the introduction of our 24-hour customer support line. We will need to run a third shift from 12:00 AM – 8:00 AM to staff the 24-hour customer support line and would like to invite interested employees to contact  36  Pam Roberts the shift coordinator about their interest in working on the third shift. Third shift employees will be paid overtime rates. This should serve as additional motivation for those looking to make some extra cash.

Robin Messer will be joining our company next week as head of our commercial lending division. Robin has been working at Affinity Bank for the past 5 years where she increased  39  their commercial lending portfolio by 80 percent over that time. Her previous work experience  40  include stints with JP Morgan, Bank of America, and Goldman Sachs. We will be holding a public luncheon on April 29, 2018 to formally welcome her into the fold.
 
 35   Read these sentences from paragraph 1:

(1) These capabilities will help us to match our client’s with more appropriate products. (2) Training on the advanced analytics will begin on July 1st and training on the client database will begin the following week. (3) This platform includes more advanced analytics capabilities. (4) In addition, the new system will provide a more flexible client database.
 
Which is the best ordering of these sentences?

A
1, 4, 2, 3
B
3, 2, 1, 4
C
3, 1, 4, 2
D
3, 1, 2, 4
Question 35 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). This is the best order because it transitions gradually from general statements about the transition to the specifics of its execution.
Question 36
Questions 34–40 are based on the following letter.

To: All Staff
From: Jill Peterson, Senior Vice President
Date: April 19, 2018
Subject: Strategic Changes and Welcome Luncheon

As you may have heard, we will be transitioning from our existing client management system to a new platform. These capabilities will help us to match our  34  client’s with more appropriate products. Training on the advanced analytics will begin on July 1st and training on the client database will begin the following week. This platform includes more advanced analytics capabilities. In addition, the new system will provide a more flexible client database.

Another issue I will like to bring to your attention involves the introduction of our 24-hour customer support line. We will need to run a third shift from 12:00 AM – 8:00 AM to staff the 24-hour customer support line and would like to invite interested employees to contact  36  Pam Roberts the shift coordinator about their interest in working on the third shift. Third shift employees will be paid overtime rates. This should serve as additional motivation for those looking to make some extra cash.

Robin Messer will be joining our company next week as head of our commercial lending division. Robin has been working at Affinity Bank for the past 5 years where she increased  39  their commercial lending portfolio by 80 percent over that time. Her previous work experience  40  include stints with JP Morgan, Bank of America, and Goldman Sachs. We will be holding a public luncheon on April 29, 2018 to formally welcome her into the fold.
 
 36  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
Pam Roberts: the shift coordinator about
C
Pam Roberts, the shift coordinator, with
D
Pam Roberts, the shift coordinator, about
Question 36 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). A non-essential phrase like “the shift coordinator” should be set off from the rest of the sentence by commas on both sides. Choice (A) is incorrect because “the shift coordinator” is not contained within commas. Choice (B) is incorrect because a colon is only used to separate two independent clauses when the second clause explains or illustrates the first. Choice (C) is incorrect because the preposition “with” is not appropriate; a person is contacted “about” an interest in something not “with” an interest in something.
Question 37
Questions 34–40 are based on the following letter.

To: All Staff
From: Jill Peterson, Senior Vice President
Date: April 19, 2018
Subject: Strategic Changes and Welcome Luncheon

As you may have heard, we will be transitioning from our existing client management system to a new platform. These capabilities will help us to match our  34  client’s with more appropriate products. Training on the advanced analytics will begin on July 1st and training on the client database will begin the following week. This platform includes more advanced analytics capabilities. In addition, the new system will provide a more flexible client database.

Another issue I will like to bring to your attention involves the introduction of our 24-hour customer support line. We will need to run a third shift from 12:00 AM – 8:00 AM to staff the 24-hour customer support line and would like to invite interested employees to contact  36  Pam Roberts the shift coordinator about their interest in working on the third shift. Third shift employees will be paid overtime rates. This should serve as additional motivation for those looking to make some extra cash.

Robin Messer will be joining our company next week as head of our commercial lending division. Robin has been working at Affinity Bank for the past 5 years where she increased  39  their commercial lending portfolio by 80 percent over that time. Her previous work experience  40  include stints with JP Morgan, Bank of America, and Goldman Sachs. We will be holding a public luncheon on April 29, 2018 to formally welcome her into the fold.
 
 37   Read these sentences from paragraph 2:

Third shift employees will be paid overtime rates. This should serve as additional motivation for those looking to make some extra cash.
 
The most effective combination of these sentences would include which group of words?

A
and they will then
B
which should
C
but it will
D
and then could
Question 37 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). The second sentence is describing an effect of an action mentioned in the first sentence. We need words that will give these ideas a clear “cause and effect” relationship. The best way to combine these sentences would be something like: “Third shift employees will be paid overtime rates, which should serve as additional motivation for those looking to make some extra cash.” The other choices are either too wordy or obscure the causal relationship.
Question 38
Questions 34–40 are based on the following letter.

To: All Staff
From: Jill Peterson, Senior Vice President
Date: April 19, 2018
Subject: Strategic Changes and Welcome Luncheon

As you may have heard, we will be transitioning from our existing client management system to a new platform. These capabilities will help us to match our  34  client’s with more appropriate products. Training on the advanced analytics will begin on July 1st and training on the client database will begin the following week. This platform includes more advanced analytics capabilities. In addition, the new system will provide a more flexible client database.

Another issue I will like to bring to your attention involves the introduction of our 24-hour customer support line. We will need to run a third shift from 12:00 AM – 8:00 AM to staff the 24-hour customer support line and would like to invite interested employees to contact  36  Pam Roberts the shift coordinator about their interest in working on the third shift. Third shift employees will be paid overtime rates. This should serve as additional motivation for those looking to make some extra cash.

Robin Messer will be joining our company next week as head of our commercial lending division. Robin has been working at Affinity Bank for the past 5 years where she increased  39  their commercial lending portfolio by 80 percent over that time. Her previous work experience  40  include stints with JP Morgan, Bank of America, and Goldman Sachs. We will be holding a public luncheon on April 29, 2018 to formally welcome her into the fold.
 
 38   Read this sentence from paragraph 3:

Robin Messer will be joining our company next week as head of our commercial lending division.
 
Which phrase would provide the best transition at the beginning of this sentence?

A
As a matter of fact
B
Finally
C
Consequently
D
Meanwhile
Question 38 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). This memo covers three distinct topics, and it is appropriate to flag the transition to the last of these major points with a single, clear adverb.
Question 39
Questions 34–40 are based on the following letter.

To: All Staff
From: Jill Peterson, Senior Vice President
Date: April 19, 2018
Subject: Strategic Changes and Welcome Luncheon

As you may have heard, we will be transitioning from our existing client management system to a new platform. These capabilities will help us to match our  34  client’s with more appropriate products. Training on the advanced analytics will begin on July 1st and training on the client database will begin the following week. This platform includes more advanced analytics capabilities. In addition, the new system will provide a more flexible client database.

Another issue I will like to bring to your attention involves the introduction of our 24-hour customer support line. We will need to run a third shift from 12:00 AM – 8:00 AM to staff the 24-hour customer support line and would like to invite interested employees to contact  36  Pam Roberts the shift coordinator about their interest in working on the third shift. Third shift employees will be paid overtime rates. This should serve as additional motivation for those looking to make some extra cash.

Robin Messer will be joining our company next week as head of our commercial lending division. Robin has been working at Affinity Bank for the past 5 years where she increased  39  their commercial lending portfolio by 80 percent over that time. Her previous work experience  40  include stints with JP Morgan, Bank of America, and Goldman Sachs. We will be holding a public luncheon on April 29, 2018 to formally welcome her into the fold.
 
 39  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
there
C
that
D
they're
Question 39 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). “Their” is a possessive adjective used before a noun, and the commercial lending portfolio belongs to the bank. “There” means “in that place.” “They’re” is a contraction of “they are.” The word “that” would be simply incorrect in this context.
Question 40
Questions 34–40 are based on the following letter.

To: All Staff
From: Jill Peterson, Senior Vice President
Date: April 19, 2018
Subject: Strategic Changes and Welcome Luncheon

As you may have heard, we will be transitioning from our existing client management system to a new platform. These capabilities will help us to match our  34  client’s with more appropriate products. Training on the advanced analytics will begin on July 1st and training on the client database will begin the following week. This platform includes more advanced analytics capabilities. In addition, the new system will provide a more flexible client database.

Another issue I will like to bring to your attention involves the introduction of our 24-hour customer support line. We will need to run a third shift from 12:00 AM – 8:00 AM to staff the 24-hour customer support line and would like to invite interested employees to contact  36  Pam Roberts the shift coordinator about their interest in working on the third shift. Third shift employees will be paid overtime rates. This should serve as additional motivation for those looking to make some extra cash.

Robin Messer will be joining our company next week as head of our commercial lending division. Robin has been working at Affinity Bank for the past 5 years where she increased  39  their commercial lending portfolio by 80 percent over that time. Her previous work experience  40  include stints with JP Morgan, Bank of America, and Goldman Sachs. We will be holding a public luncheon on April 29, 2018 to formally welcome her into the fold.
 
 40  Which choice is best?

A
(No change)
B
includes
C
including
D
have included
Question 40 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). Experience is a singular noun and its matching verb must be conjugated as the third-person singular form. Choices (A) and (D) use the plural form. Choice (C) is incorrect because “including” is the present progressive tense form and not appropriate for describing Ms. Messer’s work history as this is experience that she still has today. Choice (D) also uses an inappropriate tense.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 40 questions to complete.
List
Return
Shaded items are complete.
12345
678910
1112131415
1617181920
2122232425
2627282930
3132333435
3637383940
End
Return